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  1. pmcgee

    A gem from the past (Goto)

    Something I posted on the ADUG forum ... this C code (when I saw it) was posted on twitter as an amusing post about C. [ Cursed C code ] But after I'd thought about it for a bit, it occurred to me that maybe I could do the same in Delphi. And we can. 🙂 {$APPTYPE CONSOLE} program Project1; type range_struct = record type Tstate = (at_start, in_loop, done); var stop, step, i, start : integer; state : Tstate; function resume() : integer; constructor λ ( _start, _stop : integer; _step : integer = 1); end; constructor range_struct.λ( _start, _stop, _step:integer); begin start := _start; stop := _stop; step := _step; state := at_start; end; function range_struct.resume() : integer; label α,β,δ; begin case state of at_start : goto α; in_loop : goto β; done : goto δ; end; α : i:=start; repeat begin state := in_loop; exit(i); β : i := i + step; end until i >= stop; state := done; δ : exit(0); end; begin var ρ := range_struct.λ(1,20,2); var π := range_struct.λ(2,20,2); for var i in [1..5] do begin writeln('a ',i:2, 'th call : ', ρ.resume); writeln(' b ',i:2, 'th call : ', π.resume); end; writeln; writeln('Mwah ha ha. GOTO is back, baby!'); readln; end. That wasn't the original function-calling code that I had posted. It was only after a bit of mental digestion that I realised that this is (in my opinion) a really good, simplified, understandable model of a coroutine. ... and soon after I found out the original C code was part of an article commenting on c++ coroutines : https://probablydance.com/2021/10/31/c-coroutines-do-not-spark-joy/
  2. It is, in a sense, a bit sad that the lack of user-definable infix operators leads to this sort of "creative interpretation". Shouldn't we complain about this almost as much as about 'With' eg ? This could have (should have?) been implemented by a JoinTo( s1, s2 : string) function. An actual Equality Operator should exhibit the qualities of being reflexive (a=a), symmetric (a=b => b=a), and transitive (a=b, b=c => a=c) (and going back to the first question ... it wouldn't need to return a boolean. Eg some cases, like a partial order, it might return an optional boolean)
  3. ^ I don't have D2007. Your D10+ version works in freepascal using {$mode delphi} and this works in fpc without it : sig2: FileSig = (Offset: 10; arrSig: ($00,$01,$02); );
  4. @Ali Dehban can you expand on that ? I'm trying to picture why if you have an obj ( where the type = IMyInterface<xxx> ) anywhere in your code, you couldn't use obj.DoSomething . Isn't that the point of the interface?
  5. @Ali Dehban I like the idea of the area you were investigating here. Stretching my brain to a function that can return any type is something I have thought about in the last year or so. It took a while before I started to wrap my head around enough it to have questions, 'tho. The first was that IMyInterface<T> = interface function DoSomething: T; end; looks a lot like the definition of an anonymous function ... and then I replaced it with records. But I'll skip that for now. My second eventual question is why have function UseInterface<T> ( obj: IMyInterface<T> ) : T; begin Result := obj.DoSomething; end; vs just ? obj.DoSomething; So, as a first step I ended up with the following : (I realise you would have been simplifying the code above from your real use case) {$APPTYPE CONSOLE} program Project3; uses System.SysUtils, System.Variants, System.Classes, System.Rtti; type IWithAny<T> = interface function DoSomething: T; end; TWithAny<T> = class(TInterfacedObject, IWithAny<T>) function DoSomething : T; end; { TWithAny<T> } function TWithAny<T>.DoSomething: T; begin var val: TValue := TValue.Empty; var typ: T := default(T); case GetTypeKind(T) of tkString, tkUString : val := 'Hello'; tkInteger : val := 20; tkClass : if TValue.From<T>(typ).IsType<TStringList> then begin val := TStringList.Create; val.AsType<TStringList>.Add('Hello from StringList'); end; end; Result := Val.AsType<T>; end; var obj1 : IWithAny< Integer >; obj2 : IWithAny< String >; obj3 : IWithAny< TStringList >; begin obj1 := TWithAny< Integer > .Create; obj2 := TWithAny< String > .Create; obj3 := TWithAny< TStringList >.Create; writeln( obj1.DoSomething ); writeln( obj2.DoSomething ); var lvstr := obj3.DoSomething; writeln(lvstr.Text); lvstr.Free; readln; ReportMemoryLeaksOnShutdown := True; end. What I'd kinda like to see is the interface return a (managed record?) holding the <T>, made to clean up it's own memory.
  6. @EugeneK There is a short section in (at least) the Delphi 11 Alexandria version of Marco Cantu's Handbook (and probably earlier versions) called : Implementation of Anonymous Methods
  7. That wouldn't be strange in C++ ... int i = 42; int main() { const int j = i; const int* p = &j; }
  8. Is it correct that each of your threads adds its own ThreadID to a main-thread Dictionary? Could there be any race issues there, or is access to it via some type of lock?
  9. Is it running very quickly for everyone else as well, now?
  10. I just meant this type of situation where the C declarations are impenetrable, and Delphi is so much clearer:
  11. I have no problem with pointer to record ... I have been pretty scathing about C-style function declarations that are not broken down into more readable sub-types. We could separate ownership from access with something like : begin var o := TRecObject.Create; begin var p:PRec := @o.r; // use p for whatever end o.Free; end That pointer could be copied, passed to functions, whatever ... and simply pass out of scope. It wouldn't have ownership of the data object, and has no responsibility to release it. [edit - forgot] Or of course, you can have methods in the class to control and implement the access to the data object. I think this also highlights that the outer wrapper can be something other than manually managed.
  12. Yes. 100% I'm not arguing about it requiring management as is, ... or added structure to automate that. But of the code below, the new / dispose is (imo) ugly code that is unsuited to 2023, and to the long-term goal of regaining wider recognition of Delphi as a modern and relevant language. My standard rant / pedestal is that over the coming years we need to see Delphi improve it's language .. and it's practice ... to not be left behind by the general progress of other languages. Currently Delphi doesn't really qualify as a good teaching language any more - which I think is really sad. Without some more modern language facilities, it would be unfair to modern (say university level) students, and I'd like to see that change. begin var p:PRec := New(p); try p.x := 5; finally Dispose(p); end; end; begin var o := TRecObject.Create; try o.r.x := 5; finally o.Free; end; end
  13. Yes. I was arguing from a consistency and code-style view point. I don't agree. I don't think it is the generally accepted meaning of 'raw pointer'. Maybe you are thinking of 'void pointer' ? >> A raw pointer is a pointer whose lifetime isn't controlled by an encapsulating object, such as a smart pointer. A raw pointer can be assigned the address of another non-pointer variable, or it can be assigned a value of nullptr. Microsoft Learn - Raw Pointers
  14. pmcgee

    Set a default parameter for a function??

    Hi Ian. A nullable or option type basically adds a single possible "uninhabited" state to a return type of any kind. You can think of a function that can throw an exception in almost exactly the same way ... it has two possible states ... the normal return or the exception. I was operating on the assumption that the boolean you returned from your original function was indicating whether you successfully created a date range.
  15. pmcgee

    Set a default parameter for a function??

    Not to be negatively critical, but can I suggest that there's a discussion to be had as to whether out parameters should be an out-dated usage style. @Ian Branch Can I take it that what you want returned from the function is EITHER a failure condition/error result OR a tuple of (startdate, enddate) ? If so, this is really a function with a single return type ... function GetWeekDates(const GivenDate: TDateTime; var SOWDay: string = 'SU') -> FAIL | (startdate, enddate) This could be known as a Nullable type, or Option type ... in Rust it is the Result type. When you return from this function, you either have (effectively) no result, or an inhabited tuple. There are quite a few published examples in Delphi of Nullable types .. .from Allen Bauer through to Spring4D. I'm not sure all of them capture the idea in the most functional way.