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Renate Schaaf

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Renate Schaaf last won the day on April 10

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  1. Renate Schaaf

    Using lame_enc.dll to encode to MP3

    No. The functions have just not been used not quite correctly in the example procedure that encodes a file. I should have made that more clear in my post.
  2. Renate Schaaf

    Using lame_enc.dll to encode to MP3

    No. I'd like to find out if this really works in all cases, first. Then I'll have to teach myself how to do PRs :).
  3. Renate Schaaf

    Using lame_enc.dll to encode to MP3

    I spent some time to have Delphi interface correctly with the Lame-encoder-DLL, so I thought it a good idea to share the result, since I also could not find any good Delphi-code for this on the net. The Lame-source comes with a rudimentary Delphi-header-file, but this has several issues, which I have tried to fix: The file references unnecessary stuff, preventing compilation, easy to fix. The encoding starts at the beginning of the wave-file, thereby encoding the header. This gives a noise at the beginning and can switch the stereo-channels. Fix: Offset the source into the data-section of the wave-file. Since this offset can vary, I have used the utility functions by Kambiz R. Khojasteh (http://www.delphiarea.com) to retrieve the necessary info using WinApi.MMSystem. Lame suggests writing a VBR-Header to the file, even though it's CBR, I have changed the routine accordingly. This way devices can e.g. figure out the duration of the mp3-audio more easily. Instead of file-handles I'm using TFileStream, that seems to speed up encoding considerably. Usage: EncodeWavToMP3(WaveFile, MP3File, Bitrate) WaveFile needs to be 16-bit Stereo, but that could be adjusted. Bitrate is a constant bitrate, for example 128. Support for VBR could be added. If you use it and find something wrong, I'd like to know 🙂 Here is the unit: unit MP3ExportLame; interface Uses System.SysUtils, WinApi.Windows, System.Classes; type // type definitions PHBE_STREAM = ^THBE_STREAM; THBE_STREAM = LongWord; BE_ERR = LongWord; const // encoding formats BE_CONFIG_MP3 = 0; BE_CONFIG_LAME = 256; // error codes BE_ERR_SUCCESSFUL: LongWord = 0; BE_ERR_INVALID_FORMAT: LongWord = 1; BE_ERR_INVALID_FORMAT_PARAMETERS: LongWord = 2; BE_ERR_NO_MORE_HANDLES: LongWord = 3; BE_ERR_INVALID_HANDLE: LongWord = 4; // format specific variables BE_MP3_MODE_STEREO = 0; BE_MP3_MODE_DUALCHANNEL = 2; BE_MP3_MODE_MONO = 3; // other constants BE_MAX_HOMEPAGE = 256; type TMP3 = packed record dwSampleRate: LongWord; byMode: Byte; wBitRate: Word; bPrivate: LongWord; bCRC: LongWord; bCopyright: LongWord; bOriginal: LongWord; end; TLHV1 = packed record // STRUCTURE INFORMATION dwStructVersion: DWORD; dwStructSize: DWORD; // BASIC ENCODER SETTINGS dwSampleRate: DWORD; // ALLOWED SAMPLERATE VALUES DEPENDS ON dwMPEGVersion dwReSampleRate: DWORD; // DOWNSAMPLERATE, 0=ENCODER DECIDES nMode: Integer; // BE_MP3_MODE_STEREO, BE_MP3_MODE_DUALCHANNEL, BE_MP3_MODE_MONO dwBitrate: DWORD; // CBR bitrate, VBR min bitrate dwMaxBitrate: DWORD; // CBR ignored, VBR Max bitrate nQuality: Integer; // Quality setting (NORMAL,HIGH,LOW,VOICE) dwMpegVersion: DWORD; // MPEG-1 OR MPEG-2 dwPsyModel: DWORD; // FUTURE USE, SET TO 0 dwEmphasis: DWORD; // FUTURE USE, SET TO 0 // BIT STREAM SETTINGS bPrivate: LONGBOOL; // Set Private Bit (TRUE/FALSE) bCRC: LONGBOOL; // Insert CRC (TRUE/FALSE) bCopyright: LONGBOOL; // Set Copyright Bit (TRUE/FALSE) bOriginal: LONGBOOL; // Set Original Bit (TRUE/FALSE_ // VBR STUFF bWriteVBRHeader: LONGBOOL; // WRITE XING VBR HEADER (TRUE/FALSE) bEnableVBR: LONGBOOL; // USE VBR ENCODING (TRUE/FALSE) nVBRQuality: Integer; // VBR QUALITY 0..9 btReserved: array [0 .. 255] of Byte; // FUTURE USE, SET TO 0 end; TAAC = packed record dwSampleRate: LongWord; byMode: Byte; wBitRate: Word; byEncodingMethod: Byte; end; TFormat = packed record case Byte of 1: (mp3: TMP3); 2: (lhv1: TLHV1); 3: (aac: TAAC); end; TBE_Config = packed record dwConfig: LongWord; format: TFormat; end; PBE_Config = ^TBE_Config; TBE_Version = record byDLLMajorVersion: Byte; byDLLMinorVersion: Byte; byMajorVersion: Byte; byMinorVersion: Byte; byDay: Byte; byMonth: Byte; wYear: Word; zHomePage: Array [0 .. BE_MAX_HOMEPAGE + 1] of Char; end; PBE_Version = ^TBE_Version; //Headers for Lame_enc.dll (ver. 3.100) Function beInitStream(var pbeConfig: TBE_Config; var dwSample: LongWord; var dwBufferSize: LongWord; var phbeStream: THBE_STREAM): BE_ERR; cdecl; external 'Lame_enc.dll'; Function beEncodeChunk(hbeStream: THBE_STREAM; nSamples: LongWord; var pSample; var pOutput; var pdwOutput: LongWord): BE_ERR; cdecl; external 'Lame_enc.dll'; Function beDeinitStream(hbeStream: THBE_STREAM; var pOutput; var pdwOutput: LongWord): BE_ERR; cdecl; external 'Lame_enc.dll'; Function beCloseStream(hbeStream: THBE_STREAM): BE_ERR; cdecl; external 'Lame_enc.dll'; Procedure beVersion(var pbeVersion: TBE_Version); cdecl; external 'Lame_enc.dll'; // Added header for beWriteVBRHeader Procedure beWriteVBRHeader(MP3FileName: pAnsiChar); cdecl; external 'Lame_enc.dll'; Procedure EncodeWavToMP3(WaveFile, MP3File: string; BitRate: Integer); // BitRate 128 192 256 etc. implementation uses WinApi.MMSystem; { ---------------------------------------- } { The following functions retrieve the necessary info from the input-wave-file. } { Source: } { WaveUtils - Utility functions and data types } { by Kambiz R. Khojasteh } { } { kambiz@delphiarea.com } { http://www.delphiarea.com } function mmioStreamProc(lpmmIOInfo: PMMIOInfo; uMsg, lParam1, lParam2: DWORD) : LRESULT; stdcall; var Stream: TStream; begin if Assigned(lpmmIOInfo) and (lpmmIOInfo^.adwInfo[0] <> 0) then begin Stream := TStream(lpmmIOInfo^.adwInfo[0]); case uMsg of MMIOM_OPEN: begin if TObject(lpmmIOInfo^.adwInfo[0]) is TStream then begin Stream.Seek(0, SEEK_SET); lpmmIOInfo^.lDiskOffset := 0; Result := MMSYSERR_NOERROR; end else Result := -1; end; MMIOM_CLOSE: Result := MMSYSERR_NOERROR; MMIOM_SEEK: try if lParam2 = SEEK_CUR then Stream.Seek(lpmmIOInfo^.lDiskOffset, SEEK_SET); Result := Stream.Seek(lParam1, lParam2); lpmmIOInfo^.lDiskOffset := Result; except Result := -1; end; MMIOM_READ: try Stream.Seek(lpmmIOInfo^.lDiskOffset, SEEK_SET); Result := Stream.Read(Pointer(lParam1)^, lParam2); lpmmIOInfo^.lDiskOffset := Stream.Seek(0, SEEK_CUR); except Result := -1; end; MMIOM_WRITE, MMIOM_WRITEFLUSH: try Stream.Seek(lpmmIOInfo^.lDiskOffset, SEEK_SET); Result := Stream.Write(Pointer(lParam1)^, lParam2); lpmmIOInfo^.lDiskOffset := Stream.Seek(0, SEEK_CUR); except Result := -1; end else Result := MMSYSERR_NOERROR; end; end else Result := -1; end; function OpenStreamWaveAudio(Stream: TStream): HMMIO; var mmIOInfo: TMMIOINFO; begin FillChar(mmIOInfo, SizeOf(mmIOInfo), 0); mmIOInfo.pIOProc := @mmioStreamProc; mmIOInfo.adwInfo[0] := DWORD(Stream); Result := mmioOpen(nil, @mmIOInfo, MMIO_READWRITE); end; function GetWaveAudioInfo(mmIO: HMMIO; var pWaveFormat: PWaveFormatEx; var DataSize, DataOffset: DWORD): Boolean; function GetWaveFormat(const ckRIFF: TMMCKInfo): Boolean; var ckFormat: TMMCKInfo; begin Result := False; ckFormat.ckid := mmioStringToFOURCC('fmt', 0); if (mmioDescend(mmIO, @ckFormat, @ckRIFF, MMIO_FINDCHUNK) = MMSYSERR_NOERROR) and (ckFormat.cksize >= SizeOf(TWaveFormat)) then begin if ckFormat.cksize < SizeOf(TWaveFormatEx) then begin GetMem(pWaveFormat, SizeOf(TWaveFormatEx)); FillChar(pWaveFormat^, SizeOf(TWaveFormatEx), 0); end else GetMem(pWaveFormat, ckFormat.cksize); Result := (mmioRead(mmIO, pAnsiChar(pWaveFormat), ckFormat.cksize) = Integer(ckFormat.cksize)); end; end; function GetWaveData(const ckRIFF: TMMCKInfo): Boolean; var ckData: TMMCKInfo; begin Result := False; ckData.ckid := mmioStringToFOURCC('data', 0); if (mmioDescend(mmIO, @ckData, @ckRIFF, MMIO_FINDCHUNK) = MMSYSERR_NOERROR) then begin DataSize := ckData.cksize; DataOffset := ckData.dwDataOffset; Result := True; end; end; var ckRIFF: TMMCKInfo; OrgPos: Integer; begin Result := False; OrgPos := mmioSeek(mmIO, 0, SEEK_CUR); try mmioSeek(mmIO, 0, SEEK_SET); ckRIFF.fccType := mmioStringToFOURCC('WAVE', 0); if (mmioDescend(mmIO, @ckRIFF, nil, MMIO_FINDRIFF) = MMSYSERR_NOERROR) then begin pWaveFormat := nil; if GetWaveFormat(ckRIFF) and GetWaveData(ckRIFF) then Result := True else if Assigned(pWaveFormat) then ReallocMem(pWaveFormat, 0); end finally mmioSeek(mmIO, OrgPos, SEEK_SET); end; end; function GetStreamWaveAudioInfo(Stream: TStream; var pWaveFormat: PWaveFormatEx; var DataSize, DataOffset: DWORD): Boolean; var mmIO: HMMIO; begin Result := False; if Stream.Size <> 0 then begin mmIO := OpenStreamWaveAudio(Stream); if mmIO <> 0 then try Result := GetWaveAudioInfo(mmIO, pWaveFormat, DataSize, DataOffset); finally mmioClose(mmIO, MMIO_FHOPEN); end; end; end; Procedure EncodeWavToMP3(WaveFile, MP3File: string; BitRate: Integer); var beConfig: TBE_Config; dwSamples, dwSamplesMP3: LongWord; hbeStream: THBE_STREAM; error: BE_ERR; pBuffer: PSmallInt; pMP3Buffer: PByte; done: LongWord; dwWrite: LongWord; ToRead: LongWord; ToWrite: LongWord; // changed from THandle to TFileStream fs, ft: TFileStream; TotalSize: DWORD; // variables to hold the wave info necessary for encoding pWaveFormat: PWaveFormatEx; DataOffset, DataSize, InputSampleRate: DWORD; begin beConfig.dwConfig := BE_CONFIG_LAME; fs := TFileStream.Create(WaveFile, fmOpenRead or fmShareDenyWrite); ft := TFileStream.Create(MP3File, fmCreate or fmShareDenyWrite); try TotalSize := fs.Size; // obtain info from source wave file try if not GetStreamWaveAudioInfo(fs, pWaveFormat, DataSize, DataOffset) then raise Exception.Create ('Unable to obtain necessary info from wave file.'); if (pWaveFormat.nChannels <> 2) or (pWaveFormat.wBitsPerSample <> 16) then raise Exception.Create('Wave format must be 16bit Stereo.'); InputSampleRate := pWaveFormat.nSamplesPerSec; finally FreeMem(pWaveFormat); end; // Structure information beConfig.format.lhv1.dwStructVersion := 1; beConfig.format.lhv1.dwStructSize := SizeOf(beConfig); // Basic encoder setting beConfig.format.lhv1.dwSampleRate := InputSampleRate; beConfig.format.lhv1.dwReSampleRate := InputSampleRate; beConfig.format.lhv1.nMode := BE_MP3_MODE_STEREO; beConfig.format.lhv1.dwBitrate := BitRate; beConfig.format.lhv1.dwMaxBitrate := BitRate; beConfig.format.lhv1.nQuality := 4; beConfig.format.lhv1.dwMpegVersion := 1; // MPEG1 beConfig.format.lhv1.dwPsyModel := 0; beConfig.format.lhv1.dwEmphasis := 0; // Bit Stream Settings beConfig.format.lhv1.bPrivate := False; beConfig.format.lhv1.bCRC := True; beConfig.format.lhv1.bCopyright := True; beConfig.format.lhv1.bOriginal := True; // VBR Stuff // Have it write a VBRHeader, as recommended by Lame, even though it's CBR beConfig.format.lhv1.bWriteVBRHeader := True; beConfig.format.lhv1.bEnableVBR := False; beConfig.format.lhv1.nVBRQuality := 0; error := beInitStream(beConfig, dwSamples, dwSamplesMP3, hbeStream); if error = BE_ERR_SUCCESSFUL then begin pBuffer := AllocMem(dwSamples * 2); pMP3Buffer := AllocMem(dwSamplesMP3); try // Position the source file stream at the beginning of the PCM-data: done := DataOffset; fs.Seek(DataOffset, soFromBeginning); While (done < TotalSize) do begin if (done + dwSamples * 2 < TotalSize) then ToRead := dwSamples * 2 else begin ToRead := TotalSize - done; FillChar(pBuffer^, dwSamples * 2, 0); end; fs.Read(pBuffer^, ToRead); error := beEncodeChunk(hbeStream, ToRead div 2, pBuffer^, pMP3Buffer^, ToWrite); if error <> BE_ERR_SUCCESSFUL then begin beCloseStream(hbeStream); raise Exception.Create('Encoding Error'); end; ft.Write(pMP3Buffer^, ToWrite); done := done + ToRead; end; error := beDeinitStream(hbeStream, pMP3Buffer^, dwWrite); if error <> BE_ERR_SUCCESSFUL then begin beCloseStream(hbeStream); raise Exception.Create('Close Error'); end; if dwWrite <> 0 then begin ft.Write(pMP3Buffer^, dwWrite); end; error := beCloseStream(hbeStream); if error <> BE_ERR_SUCCESSFUL then begin raise Exception.Create('Close Error'); end; finally FreeMem(pBuffer); FreeMem(pMP3Buffer); end; end else begin Raise Exception.Create('InitStream failure'); end; finally fs.free; ft.free; end; beWriteVBRHeader(pAnsiChar(AnsiString(MP3File))); end; end.
  4. Renate Schaaf

    How to change the icon of the active tab in TTabControl?

    What's the advantage? When do you use a class helper and when do you use a local accessor class, to me they both seem to serve the same purpose.
  5. Renate Schaaf

    Parallel Resampling of (VCL-) Bitmaps

    I might have introduced a bug in GR32_Resamplers, as it is, the left bound of the source rectangle is ignored. The fix is simple: Line 1778 needs to be SourceColor := @Src.Bits[ClusterY[0].Pos * Src.Width+SrcRect.Left]; //+SrcRect.Left was missing! and line 1806: SourceColor := @Src.Bits[ClusterY[Y].Pos * Src.Width+SrcRect.Left];//+SrcRect.Left was missing! Hope, you read this, Anders. If I don't hear from you, I'll create an issue on GitHub. Edit: I definitely intoduced it by changing the order of the loops, I checked against an old version. Instead of +SrcRect.Left one should probably use +MapXLoPos Renate
  6. Renate Schaaf

    Parallel Resampling of (VCL-) Bitmaps

    Correct and very clear. I like the introduction of the MappingTablePrecicion.. constants.
  7. Renate Schaaf

    Parallel Resampling of (VCL-) Bitmaps

    One weight in x-direction times another one in y-direction. Thanks for the explanation, now I understand the notation. That my posted "correction" can be safely ignored :). Sometimes I'm making it too complicated, sorry.
  8. Renate Schaaf

    Parallel Resampling of (VCL-) Bitmaps

    No, that would be the trapezoidal rule, and that is just as bad as using the antiderivatives. Midpoint rule: integral from x1 to x2 f(x) dx is appoximately f(0.5*(x1+x2))*(x2-x1). The multiplications by oldscale transform this from the scale of the source (pixelwidth 1) to the scale of the destination ("pixelwidth" NewWidth/OldWidth). If you want to know why using the integral is a good way of thinking about the algorithm, there's a little article in the doc folder. I couldn't explain it any better here. I'm not sure what you're asking, could you do some explaining back? For the pre-mult I'm using precision $100, for the others $800. Is that what you are asking? BTW, the check x2>x1 isn't necessary, Filter(x3) would be zero if not true.
  9. Renate Schaaf

    Parallel Resampling of (VCL-) Bitmaps

    I was hoping for you to untwiddle this 🙂 Meanwhile I found the reason for the box-kernel not being up to par, it's here: function TBoxKernel.GetWidth: TFloat; begin Result := 1; //must be 0.5! end; I also spotted a mistake in my code. It could be that the interval [x0-0.5,x0+0.5] is completely outside of the support of the filter. In this case a false non-zero weight would be generated. So a check of x2>x1 needs to be added: ... for J := Left to Right do begin x0 := J - Center; // previous weight: Filter(x0*Oldscale)*Oldscale x1 := max(x0 - 0.5, -FilterWidth); x2 := min(x0 + 0.5, FilterWidth); // intersect symmetric interval of length 1 about x0 with support of scaled filter if (x2 > x1) then begin x3 := 0.5 * (x2 + x1); // new center Weight := Round(Prec * Filter(x3 * OldScale) * OldScale * (x2 - x1)); // intersection with support entered into the weight if Weight <> 0 then begin Inc(Count, Weight); K := Length(Result[I]); SetLength(Result[I], K + 1); Result[I][K].Pos := Constrain(J, SrcLo, SrcHi - 1); Result[I][K].Weight := Weight; end; end; end; Also, at the analogous place for the case scale>1. The code for the 2 cases could be unified, but it's better to understand as it is.
  10. Renate Schaaf

    Parallel Resampling of (VCL-) Bitmaps

    I've managed to translate the alternative computation of weights into Graphics32. It was actually quite easy :). The idea is, to compute the intergral for the convolution with the filter via the midpoint-rule. Before I've used the exact antiderivatives, leading to constant underestimations of peaks and valleys in the bitmap function, and thus to a loss of detail. Now pixels not lying totally within the support of the filter get their weight reduced, leading to less artefacts, but the peaks are better estimated, so contrast and detail is better preserved (the math is for readability): //Precision of weights, //Totals Cb,Cg,Cr,Ca in Resample need to be unscaled by Prec * Prec const Prec = $800; function BuildMappingTableNew(DstLo, DstHi: Integer; ClipLo, ClipHi: Integer; SrcLo, SrcHi: Integer; Kernel: TCustomKernel): TMappingTable; var ... begin ... else if Scale < 1 then begin OldScale := Scale; Scale := 1 / Scale; FilterWidth := FilterWidth * Scale; for I := 0 to ClipW - 1 do begin if FullEdge then Center := SrcLo - 0.5 + (I - DstLo + ClipLo + 0.5) * Scale else Center := SrcLo + (I - DstLo + ClipLo) * Scale; Left := Floor(Center - FilterWidth); Right := Ceil(Center + FilterWidth); Count := -Prec; for J := Left to Right do begin //changed part x0 := J - Center; // old weight: Filter(x0*Oldscale)*Oldscale x1 := max(x0 - 0.5, -FilterWidth); x2 := min(x0 + 0.5, FilterWidth); // intersect symmetric interval of length 1 about x0 with support of scaled filter x3 := 0.5 * (x2 + x1); // new center Weight := Round(Prec * Filter(x3 * OldScale) * OldScale * (x2 - x1)); // intersection with support entered into the weight if Weight <> 0 then begin Inc(Count, Weight); K := Length(Result[I]); SetLength(Result[I], K + 1); Result[I][K].Pos := Constrain(J, SrcLo, SrcHi - 1); Result[I][K].Weight := Weight; end; end; ... At first the results were getting too dark and contrast was increased. By increasing the accuracy of the weights and using my own way of rounding the averaged result into bytes, this seems no longer the case: If RangeCheck then begin C.B := min((max(Cb, 0) + $1FFFFF) shr 22, 255); //unscale and round C.G := min((max(Cg, 0) + $1FFFFF) shr 22, 255); C.R := min((max(Cr, 0) + $1FFFFF) shr 22, 255); C.A := min((max(Ca, 0) + $1FFFFF) shr 22, 255); end else begin C.B := (Cb + $1FFFFF) shr 22; C.G := (Cg + $1FFFFF) shr 22; C.R := (Cr + $1FFFFF) shr 22; C.A := (Ca + $1FFFFF) shr 22; end; // Combine it with the background case CombineOp of dmOpaque: DstLine[I] := C.ARGB; ... The changed file uScalingProcsGR32.pas is attached. If you are interested in a test, here is a short video, zooms and pans have been done with the new Lanczos. The second picture is one of the most notorious in my collection. uScalingProcsGR32.zip
  11. Renate Schaaf

    Parallel Resampling of (VCL-) Bitmaps

    Confirmed. Nice. I've always been disappointed in the performance of 64-bit code. No idea, why mine is faster. Meanwhile I have come up with an alternative way to compute the weights, which seems to decrease artefacts while keeping the brilliance. So far I could not translate it into Graphics32, the filters there all live on different sized intervals, wheras mine all live on [-1,1], and at this time of the day my aging brain can't deal with the math. Maybe tomorrow.
  12. Renate Schaaf

    Parallel Resampling of (VCL-) Bitmaps

    I'm too stupid to create a pull-request on GitHub, if I read the help for it, I don't understand the first thing about it. Somehow I can post changes to my own repository using GitHub-Desktop, but I don't really understand what it's doing :). So here is the changed GR32_Resamplers.pas. I personally think the quality is good enough, on Ultra-High DPI I can hardly see the difference between a low-quality and high-quality filter for "normal" images, glyphs are another story. For me the filters kick in when animating pictures by zooms and pans, the artifacts then really show up. Theoretically the quality could be improved by a higher precision of the weights, which currently run from -256 to 256. Up to $800 should be possible, which I have done for the none-premultiply-modes. But again, I have a hard time seeing a difference. Also, again theoretically, the algorithm using antiderivates of filters should yield better results (except there isn't any in closed form for the Lanczos). But though I can see less artifacts, they decrease details, as you have seen. I've probably made some mistake in the implementation. It could be the same kind of mistake you can make by computing numerical derivatives, Small divided by Small. Time to hit the sack. Renate GR32_Resamplers.zip
  13. Renate Schaaf

    Parallel Resampling of (VCL-) Bitmaps

    I have been able to make the GR32-resampling as fast as mine unthreaded, by making some simple changes to the procedure GR32_Resamplers.Resample (in Implementation-part): changing the order of X- and Y- loop in the filling of the horizontal buffer, avoiding jumps in the bitmap-memory, using pointers to walk along the arrays, turning on compiler-optimization for the procedure (biggest improvement) If you want to see for yourself, in the attachment are 3 changed .pas-files that need to overwrite the corresponding ones in the Algorithms-folder under Bitmap Scaling. Renate Bitmap Scaling-Diff.zip
  14. Renate Schaaf

    Parallel Resampling of (VCL-) Bitmaps

    Here is a new version with lots of changes (thanks, Anders): I have changed the algorithm for the filters except box from continous- to discrete-space convolution, because the result didn't seem to look as good as expected, maybe rounding errors, further investigation needed. But I just noticed, that for my videos I need to go back to continuous space, because that gives much smoother zooms and pans. Anyway, now the algorithm itself is more or less identical to Graphics32, so you have a completely fair comparison. I also followed Anders' idea of including a stopwatch in the signature of the test procedures that can be turned on only if it matters. More changes: Alpha: I've put some alpha-shenanigans into the loaded bitmaps, so you can see how the alpha-channel is handled. There now is a TAlphaCombineMode=(amIndependent, amPreMultiply, amIgnore) doing the following: amIndependent: The behaviour as before, all channels are sampled independently of one another. This is the behavior of GR32 for drawmode dmOpaque. amPreMultiply: RGB is mulitplied by alpha prior to resampling, after that nonzero alpha is "unmultiplied". I had to sacrifice some precision for the weights and the alpha-multiplication in order to stay within integer-range. This is the behavior of WICImage with Source.AlphaFormat=afDefined (it seems to have made the same sacrifices). GR32 with drawmode dmBlend does pre-multiply, but doesn't unmultiply, or, rather it "post-multiplies". amIgnore: RGB is resampled, alpha is set to 255. Faster for images not needing an alpha-channel. This is the behavior of WICImage with Source.AlphaFormat=afIgnored. To prevent apples from being compared to oranges I have included a notice when a certain algorithm does not fully support the chosen mode. To avoid code repetition I had to introduce a number of procedural variables, which slow things down a little bit, but it's still nice and fast. Threads: The <= 16 threads hardly consume any CPU-time while waiting, for the time being I want to keep them. There is a TTask-version included in the source, it has worked so far, but TTask behaves somewhat erratically timing-wise, and I don't understand what it's doing. I'll try to write a TKernelResample-descendent (unthreaded) for Graphics32, maybe I can speed it up, let's see. Renate Bitmap Scaling-New.zip
  15. Renate Schaaf

    Parallel Resampling of (VCL-) Bitmaps

    Now I got the pre-multiplication in place, but before I do an update, I have a question for Anders: The pre-multiplication completely erases any RGB-Info stored at transparent pixels. So those can't be unmultiplied. I can see that this is desirable if the image contains a mask and needs to be rescaled. The RGB-part of the scaled image looks something like this, and btw. the result for WICImage looks the same. What puzzles me though is the fact, that Graphics32 still keeps the transparent parts of the RGB in place, so it must have some magic way to compute 0/0, which I would like to learn ... Further looking at the source code, I cannot see any pre-multiplication done: C := Src.Bits[X + ClusterY[Y].Pos * Src.Width]; ClustYW := ClusterY[Y].Weight; Inc(Ca, Integer(C shr 24) * ClustYW); Inc(Cr, Integer(C and $00FF0000) shr 16 * ClustYW); Inc(Cg, Integer(C and $0000FF00) shr 8 * ClustYW); Inc(Cb, Integer(C and $000000FF) * ClustYW); The Bytes of the channels are just lumped into one cardinal, the bytes are extracted and multiplied by the weights, or am I just dense, or has this already been done to Src.Bits? Have a nice Sunday, Renate
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